(based on the 7th edition of the MLA Handbook)
When you cite a magazine, journal, or newspaper article found through a library subscription database, you must include some key components. The following are helpful hints on how to do this.
Elements of a Citation
Single author: Put the last name first, followed by a comma, followed by the first name (last name, first name), then a period. Example:
Multiple authors: Put the last name first, followed by a comma, followed by the first name (last name, first name). Do this for the first author only. For all other authors, put their names in normal order (first name last name), followed by a comma. Before the final author's name put the word 'and' followed by their first name, then last name (first name last name) then a period. Example:
Tannen, Deborah, and Roy Freedle.
More than three authors: You can just list the first author (last name, first name), followed by a comma, then the words et al followed by a period. Example:
Allende, Isabel, et al.
"Title of Article."
The title of the article comes next. Put a period after the title and place it in " ". Example:
"Foreclosure Wave Slams Suburbia."
Name of Periodical
To find the name of the journal, magazine, or newspaper, see the following examples (circled in red) taken from library subscription databases. You might also find that the journal, magazine, or newspaper name is referred to as the source.
When citing a source, italicize the name of the magazine or journal. Example:
Journal of Popular Culture
Scholarly journals, sometimes called peer-reviewed journals, often have a volume and issue number. Here is an example from a library subscription database.
Include this information as volume number period '.' issue number. If the scholarly journal does not use volume numbers, cite the issue number alone. Example:
Date of Publication:
Scholarly journals often only provide a year as their date of publication, while magazines provide a day month and year. Here are a few examples from library subscription databases.
For scholarly journals you need only include the year of publication in your citation. Put the year in parenthesis and follow the parenthesis with a colon (:). Example:
For magazines, provide the day month (abbreviated) and year of publication and follow the year with a colon (:). Do not put the date in parenthesis. Example:
16 Nov. 2009:
This information is often found after the publication date.
There is no need to provide the abbreviation 'p' for page. Simply give the page number or page range followed by a period. Example:
If you have found your article using a library subscription database, include the name of the database that you used to find the article. This will be something like Academic Search Premier or ABI/Inform. This information can be found at the top of the database page and may be included in the article record as well.
Italicize the database name and follow it with a period. Example:
Proquest Research Library.
Medium of Publication Consulted.
If you are using a paper journal or magazine in print, next write 'Print' followed by a period. Example:
If you have found your article using a library subscription database, write 'Web' followed by a period. Example:
Date of Access.
This step is only necessary if you have accessed your article using a library subscription database. After writing 'Web.' put down the date that you found the article online (usually today's date). The date should follow the same format as the publication date: Day Month (abbreviated) Year and should be followed by a period. Example:
18 Nov. 2009.
Scholarly Journal Article
Zizek, Slavoj. "Intellectuals, Not Gadflies."
Critical Inquiry 34.5 (2008):
21-35. MLA International Bibliography. Web. 18 Nov. 2009.
Pressman, Aaron. "Little Green Dynamos."
Business Week 27 Jul. 2009:
44-47. Academic Search Premier. Web. 18 Nov. 2009.
Still Having Trouble?
- See the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (available in Kent Library).
- Look at the Kent Library web page on citations.
- Contact librarians Matthew Olsen (firstname.lastname@example.org) or Claudia Ruediger (email@example.com).