APA Style:
Citing articles
(based on the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual)

When you cite a magazine, journal, or newspaper article found through a library subscription database, you must include some key components. The following are helpful hints on how to do this.

Elements of a Citation


Single author: Put the last name first, followed by a comma, followed by the initial of the first name, then a period. Example:

Morley, H.

Multiple authors: Put the last name first, followed by a comma, followed by the initial of the first name, then a period. Follow this with a comma and continue the same procedure for the subsequent authors. Before the final author's name put an ampersand (&) followed by the last name, a comma, the initial of the first name, and then a period. Example:

Tannen, D., & Freedle, R.

Eight or more authors: For articles with more than seven authors, provide the first six authors' names using the procedure above, then insert an ellipsis in the form of three dots (...) and then the final author's name using the same format. Example:

Gilbert, D. G., McClernon, J. F., Rabinovich, N. E., Sugai, C., Plath, L. C., Asgaard, G., ... Botros, N.

(Publication Date).

The date the article was published comes next. For scholarly articles provide the year that the article was published in parenthesis followed by a period. For magazines provide the month or month and day of publication, by putting the year first, followed by a comma and the month and day. Examples:

(2004). or (2008, March 15).

Article title.

Next comes the title of the article. Only the first word of the title should be capitalized. Don't italicize the title or put it in quotations. Example:

College drinking behaviors: Mediational links between parenting styles, impulse control, and alcohol-related outcomes.

Title of Journal,

To find the name of the journal, magazine, or newspaper, see the following examples (circled in red) taken from library subscription databases. You might also find that the journal, magazine, or newspaper is referred to as the source.

journal name from database

journal name from database

When citing a source, italicize the name of the magazine or journal and give its title in full using upper and lower case letters. Follow the title with a comma. Example:

Psychology of Addictive Behaviors,


Scholarly journals, sometimes called peer-reviewed journals, often have a volume and issue number. Here is an example from a library subscription database.

volume from database

If the journal is paginated by issue, i.e., each issue starts with page 1, then in your citation include the volume number, in italics, followed by the issue number in parenthesis, but not in italics, and then put a comma. If the scholarly journal does not use issue numbers or if the journal is paginated by volume, i.e., issues begin numbering where the previous issue left off, then cite the volume number alone. Don't use Vol. or V. before the volume number. Example:


Page Numbers.

This information is often indicated as a range and may be proceeded by 'p' or 'pp' in a library subscription database.

page numbers from database

In your citation there is no need to provide the abbreviation 'p' for page. Simply give the page number or page range followed by a period. Example:


Citation Examples

Scholarly Journal Article

Grant, J., Odlaug, B., Davis, A., & Suck Won, K. (2009). Legal Consequences of
     Kleptomania. Psychiatric Quarterly, 80, 251-259.

Magazine Article

McKinnell, J. (2007, November 26). My wife can't stop stealing things.
     Maclean's, 120(46), 86.

Appendix: DOIs

The digital object identifier (DOI) is a new system that publishers are using to provide persistent identification of information, in this case articles, on the internet. Each DOI name is unique and points exclusively to a single article. Special websites called DOI resolvers (e.g., crossref.org) allow a reader to find an article based solely on its DOI name.

doi in article record screenshot

Using DOIs in citations is a major change in the newest edition of the APA Publication Manual. The APA is recommending that for each article that is gathered electronically, the DOI should be provided at the end of the citation. Example:

Grant, J., Correia, S., & Brennan-Krohn, T. (2006). White matter integrity
     in kleptomania: A pilot study. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging Section, 147,
     233-237. doi:10.1016/j.pscychresns.2006.03.003

For electronic articles that do not provide a DOI, the APA recommends that you provide the URL of the journal's home page. Example:

Sillick T.J., & Schutte, N.S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem
     mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal
     of Applied Psychology, 2
(2), 38-48. Retrieved from

The good news is that for articles retrieved through a library subscription database, as you will probably be doing for class, it is not necessary to include either the DOI or the journal's homepage. You can simply cite the article as you would a print resource. If you have any questions about DOIs please contact a librarian or your professor.

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